Brazil flag – symbols and facts

 

In the last post, you had the chance to read about the appropriate spelling of the word ‘Brazil’. We also have written a lot about the name of the country and its origin. If you have not read about it and are interested in the topic click here. As we like writing about interesting facts, today we will tell you more about the Brazilian flag. 

 

When preparing for a trip to this beautiful country, it is worth learning some basic facts about the country. You will find a lot of information on our blog. We post new articles every week, so we encourage you to visit us as often as possible. You will learn some of our travel tips and facts about the country.

Coming back to Brazil: flag facts. If you do not remember how the flag looks like, here is a little reminder:

As you can see, the flag is in the shape of a rectangle, on which on a green background, there is a large yellow diamond. Inside the diamond, you can see a blue sphere with stars cut through with a white strip with the inscription Ordem e Progresso meaning “order and progress.”

Brazil flag – symbols

It is widely believed that the national colours of Brazil – green and yellow, symbolize the wealth of the country. Green resembles the equatorial forests of the Amazon. The yellow colour resembles gold which attracted European colonists here (Brazil had significant amounts of it in the past). 

The truth is that these colours really come from the previous flag of the Empire of Brazil. They are derived from the colours of the ruling families. The green colour was the symbol of the House of Bragança of Peter I – the first emperor of Brazil. The yellow colour, on the other hand, represented the House of Habsburg – his wife Leopoldina. 

 

The star system depicted on the flag reflects the sky over Rio de Janeiro on the morning of November 15, 1889 – on the day Brazil was declared a republic. Each of the 27 stars represents one unit of the administrative division of Brazil (26 states and the federal district). The number of stars, initially 21, increased along with the emergence of new administrative regions. The star symbolizing the Federal District is Sigma Octantis, which indicates the south pole of the sky. Such a choice was also symbolic, because this star is visible all year round throughout the country, and the other stars on the sky (symbolising the 26 states) seem to revolve around it. 

What is interesting is that according to the law, the flag should be updated in case a state is created or it has extinct.

 

The motto of Ordem e Progresso (“Order and Progress”) was inspired by the motto of positivism by August Comte: “L’amour pour principe et l’ordre pour base; le progrès pour but” meaning” Love as a principle, order as a basis, and progress as a goal.”

We hope that you found the article interesting. Enjoy the trip to Brasil and if you want to buy bus tickets while being here, just do it by clicking here . It is a very safe website where you can book your bus seats in advance.

Recent news about deforestation – Amazon rainforest

As we all know, the world has been observing the alarming reports concerning the Amazon that is burning for several weeks now. Heads of state, celebrities and thousands of users publish photos on social media of burning forests and appeal to stop the slaughter of the “lungs of the earth”. Did the fires in Brazil take on an unprecedented scale this year and will it be the worst year in history for deforestation in the Amazon? We are not going to write this time about tourism. Amazon is burning and let’s learn important facts about it.

Amazon is the largest remaining rainforest in the world.

It is also the largest carbon dioxide absorber, absorbing over 2 billion tons of this substance per year and releasing about 20 percent of the Earth’s oxygen. 

The intensive exploitation of the Amazon began at the end of the 1960s. It was connected, among other things, with building new roads and enabling the use of this previously inaccessible area for economic reasons. Mines started to be built and trees were cut, thus gaining more land for cattle, palm and soybean farming. The process of clearing the land from trees (also by burning the areas) and reselling it at a much higher price is still ongoing.

Preliminary data from the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) shows that 1698 square kilometers of the Amazon rainforest were destroyed in August. This is the worst August in five years – since the systematic satellite monitoring of the degradation of the forest has been conducted. It is also over 222 percent more than in August 2018. Recently, the result exceeding 1000 square kilometers was recorded in August 2016.

The INPE report announced in Brasilia shows that more than half of the 71 497 forest fires recorded in the country from January to August this year were located in the Brazilian Amazon. The number of fires is also 83 percent higher than in the same period in 2018.

The researchers from INPE emphasize that there were no significant anomalies associated with climate change that could be blamed for this situation. Instead, they point that it is the responsibility of the people who want to convert forest areas into fields under cultivation or for other investments.

On Thursday, August 29, the Brazilian government introduced 60 days ban on burning the land of the geographical area of the Amazon due to forest fires. From this point to August 31, INPE recorded 2000 new fires. The ban did not change anything and the situation is getting worse – the number of fires in the Amazon is still growing. INPE satellite data confirms 3,859 new fire outbreaks and around 2000 are concentrated in the Amazon region.

There have been numerous appeals to take the fire of the “green lungs of the world” seriously. Some of you might have seen the #PrayForAmazonia tag on Twitter. Residents from São Paulo used it while showing photos of the smoke from burning forests dimming the sun rays for a moment around 3 pm. Have you seen the photos?